Today Ireland is celebrating St Patrick's day, between legend and popular tradition

Published on Mar 17, 2017

(biografieonline.en) Today in Ireland we celebrate the patron saint of Saint Patrick, the patron saint also of Nigeria, on the Island of Monserrat, and of the engineers. The parade the most beautiful on the occasion of this anniversary is that of Dublin followed by that of Montreal, and Chicago. In this occasion, all the decorations and the colors of the clothes are green: the clover is the symbol of the feast of St. Patrick, because the Saint used it as a metaphor to explain to the irish pre-crestiani what was the Holy Trinity. The color green, however, was not adopted from the beginning, but later, since it represented the color of the season in the spring and clover. Today Ireland is celebrating St Patrick's day, between legend and popular tradition. Saint Patrick was born in 385 in Bannaventa Berniae with the name of Maewyn Succat (he will choose the Latin name of Patrick's later). At the age of sixteen is kidnapped by some irish pirates, who sold it to the king of the North From the Riada as a slave. Here it comes into contact with the celtic religion and learning the gaelic language; after a few years, however, manages to escape and return to her family. Converts to christianity and becomes a deacon, then ordained bishop by St. Germanus of Auxerre in Gaul. Later, Pope Celestine I entrusted him with the task of evangelizing the british isles and especially Ireland. The spread of Christianity in Ireland. Around 431, and then, Patrick starts his apostolate in the territory of ireland, at that time virtually all pay thanks to him, in Ireland, spread christianity, albeit with influences deriving from celtic paganism. Here, then, appear in celtic Christianity, the current (later the christian Church will attempt to limit) favoured by Patrick, who, with the intention to maintain the historical roots and the cultural traditions of the local population, opt for a merger between the elements of pagan and christian elements: it introduces, for example, the celtic cross as a symbol of celtic Christianity, with the solar cross superimposed on the Latin cross. Around fifty years of age, Patrick is devoted to a long pilgrimage that leads to Rome. Back in the british isles, remain in Ireland until his death on 17 march 461 at Saul. Legends linked to St. Patrick. There are many legends regarding the figure of Saint Patrick: the second one of these, Ireland's lack of snakes from the time that Patrick them exiled in the sea. On that occasion, the holy would have spent about six weeks on Croagh Patrick, the sacred mountain of ireland, by whom he threw a bell on the shores of Clew Bay just to chase the snakes into the sea and eliminate all the impurities; since that event they were the islands that make up the shores of Clew Bay. A second legend relates to St. Patrick's well, without the bottom, that would lead directly to Purgatory. According to another story, Patrick, after escaping slavery, you would be directed to France, intending to visit a relative in Tours: one in the position of having to cross the Loire, but do not have the means to overcome the river, he used his cape as a raft. After having reached the opposite shore, he would have hung the cloak on a bush of hawthorn for it to dry, and at that time the plant would have flourished, despite being in the middle of winter: and, by that time, hawthorn would have begun to bloom in winter. Finally, it is the famous story according to which St. Patrick would have explained the concept of the christian Trinity to the irish through the shamrock, namely, the clover leaf (that is the emblem of Ireland), exemplifying the concept with the three leaves connected to one stem only. The feast of Saint Patrick in the world. Famous is also the feast of Saint Patrick, also known as Paddy's Day, St. Paddy's Day or Saint Patrick's Day: a holiday of christian origin that is celebrated every year on 17 march, a date that is also the national holiday of the Republic of Ireland while in Northern Ireland is a feast-bank). The feast of Saint Patrick is also celebrated in other parts of the world, in Canada, in Australia, in the United States, in the caribbean island of Montserrat, New Zealand, and Argentina (in all Countries, in short, in which the emigrants of ireland have brought their own traditions). In Italy, the celebrated San Sebastiano dei Marsi, in the province of l'aquila, in the locations in piacenza of Grazzano Visconti, Caorso, and Bobbio. The bond between an irish saint and these places, seemingly strange, is explained by the connection between Ireland, the holy abbot of the irish Saint Columbanus and the abbey of Bobbio. In North America, instead, often the celebrations for St. Patrick's join together with those of San Giuseppe, whose feast day falls on the 19th of march, due to the presence of a well-fed Italian-american community. Among other things, the feast of St. Patrick is part of the liturgical calendar of the catholic Church by several centuries, having been inserted at the beginning of the Seventeenth century, thanks to the intervention of Luke Wadding, franciscan friar and historian, was born in Ireland, in Waterford; in reality, the missionary at that time was already celebrated in the different churches in ireland. In most years the St. Patrick's day happens on the days of lent, and sometimes even on the occasion of the Holy Week: in the latter case, the celebrations are moved. In 1940, for example, the celebrations were postponed two weeks, to April 3, in such a way that St. Patrick did not correspond exactly with Palm Sunday, while in 2008, in advance of two days, to march 15, for the same region. It has been calculated, however, that St. Patrick will not fall more in the Holy Week, for many years, and the next time will happen even in 2160, when will be the Monday that precedes the Easter. St. Patrick Patron Saint. Saint Patrick is the patron saint of Ireland and of the irish, together with St. Bridget of Ireland and St. Columba of Iona, but not only that it is, for example, the city of Boston. In Canada, the flag of the city of Montréal, which has a strong component of the irish is a shamrock just to highlight this presence. As for the festivities themselves, there is a tradition unique, but in general it refers to everything that has to do with Ireland and with the color that is the symbol of the island, that is to say, the green: for example, the St. Patrick's day it is customary to eat only green food, and dress of green; even better if it's on the clothes represented a clover. In this regard, in the city of Chicago the river is dyed every year with the colouring green.

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