Soy milk: nutritional facts, properties and contraindications
Soy milk: the nutritional values, properties, and contraindications. The soy drink, commonly called soy milk, is a drink food plant-based soybeans obtained by grinding or by blending in water the seeds of the legume left to macerate in water for a few hours. This is a food of asian origin that has largely been a growing success, even among the western population, especially among people who are intolerant to lactose and between those who follow a vegetarian diet. The sugar of typical milk animals is in fact absent in the milk of the soybean, and as such it represents a viable alternative for those who do not digest it.
In China, the soybean is used since ancient times in the preparation of different recipes: the first evidence of milk dates back to the Hannel of the 164 a.C.
In the west is, in fact, used as a substitute for cow's milk in the case of a vegan diet, intolerance to cow's milk protein and many diets which try to eliminate or reduce dairy products. Over time it has become one of the alternatives the most popular to cow's milk, but, there is to say, the Court of Justice of the European union has banned this term, decreeing the obligation of the phrase “beverage plant”, whether it is soy, rice, oat or coconut.
But what are the properties and nutritional values of soy milk? There are contraindications to its use?
The feature that has made it so popular soy milk is the fact that this is a drink suitable also for those who are intolerant to lactose and who has chosen to eliminate this substance from their diet for ethical reasons. In fact, the drink of soy, like all other vegetable drinks, is absolutely free of lactose. But the absence of lactose is not the only its properties, let's see together the main:
Milk without cholesterol, The soy milk, unlike the vaccine, not has specificity to contain cholesterol. In cow's milk is present in small quantities:
Moreover, it presents a lipid fraction rich in unsaturated fats, nutrients useful to our well-being.
Soy milk is also rich in amino acids (also essential) and is low in calories and fat, this so many people choose to use it when I am on a diet.
Rich in isoflavones, substances that can lower cholesterol the so called bad (LDL).
Soy milk is a drink from the low glycemic index.
Nutritional, in addition to a good amount of protein, soy milk contains vitamins A, E, B, fiber and minerals. Then there is the soy milk fortified with calcium contains the same amount of this precious mineral as compared to cow's milk.
The protein intake, if we just look at the quantity, is similar to that of cow's milk, but thanks to the good distribution of essential amino acids, protein drink soy have a high power of nutrition; even if it is lower than that of cow's milk.
The favorite soy beverage is an emulsion of fat, protein and water, containing about 3% protein, 2% fats and carbohydrates and 0.3% minerals. Soy milk is rich in protein, vitamin B2, and phosphorus, with few calories and a low glycemic index.
100 grams of the product contains 32 Kcal, distributed as follows:
Can to all effects be considered a low calorie food, especially when compared to that of rice (57,5 Kcal) or oats (47 Kcal).
NUTRIENTS FOR 100 grams
According to some, soy may help prevent colon cancer, prostate in men and breast in women. However, it is only right to reaffirm that there is still not a sufficient number of clinical studies that can prove the correlation.
Soy isoflavones are also recommended during the menopause because it can reduce the hot flashes. They would also be able to contribute to the prevention of osteoporosis, overweight and hypercholesterolemia. Also in this case there is to say that the results of different studies are conflicting.
Some come even to support the capacity of isoflavones to promote the growth and proliferation of breast cancer cells.
Other studies have highlighted the benefits of this beverage, on the balance of the intestinal flora and improvement of the symptoms of gastritis and gastroesophageal reflux. In addition, the soy and the drink derived from it are excellent allies against osteoporosis.
The beverages of soy, and, more in general, the soybean has long been at the center of a heated debate among doctors and nutritionists to determine the properties and, especially, the contraindications.
The main drawback of soy milk lies in the presence of some phytoestrogens, i.e. hormones of vegetable that could interfere with the delicate functioning of the thyroid and of some organs. It is not recommended especially for women of childbearing age, pregnant and men and women of any age, since phytoestrogens can decrease the number of sperm, reducing male fertility
Has not yet established a definitive opinion, and the issue remains controversial. According to some scholars, it would be best to avoid regularly consuming soy, according to others, however, consumption is not excessive, it poses no risk.
Perhaps not everyone knows that soy milk is to be avoided if you suffer from kidney stones due to the presence of oxalates, which favours the appearance of it.
If you are following a drug therapy, it is always best to ask for precise directions from your doctor as soy may interfere with absorption of some medicines.
Those who have suffered from cancer of the breast, uterus or other estrogen-dependent cancers should avoid soy consumption.
Soy milk is bad? It is good to avoid it or you can eat in peace? As with all things, excluding the contraindications above, he saw the rule of moderation. If consumed 2 or 3 times a week (not in the presence of thyroid problems, with a past of cancer estrogen dependent or calculations) will not create problems of any kind.
A helpful advice when purchasing is to prefer soy milk as organic, and Italian, in order to avoid the presence of GMOS. The best choice, as always, is, however, to drive it. How to prepare soy milk at home?
Prepare soy milk at home is simple.
The soy milk is still a viable alternative for those suffering from lactose intolerance, for those who are vegan or who is affected by allergy to milk proteins (provided that the consumption is moderate and, above all, subject to medical advice).
Prepare at home the soy milk is pretty simple. Soak the soybeans for at least 8 hours, add water and blend with an electric mixer. Bring to a boil the liquid with the solid residues, thus obtaining a beverage with a dense and full-bodied.
The article soy Milk: the nutritional values, properties, and contraindications comes from Workout-Italy.