Luino, the “Day of Remembrance” told by the professor Petrotta

Published on Feb 20, 2017

(John Petrotta) On the occasion of the Remembrance Day, Monday, February 13, classes a third of our middle school, accepting the invitation of the municipality of Luino, they went, accompanied by their teachers and by the Principal Raffaela Menditto, at the Social theater to attend the conference, and by dr. Pier Maria Moresi, president of the provincial committee of the National Association Venezia Giulia and Dalmatia. Luino, the “Day of Remembrance” told by the professor Petrotta. As you may know, the Day of Remembrance was established by the Italian Parliament with the law of 30 march 2004 no. 92; law voted by almost all political forces of the right, centre and left these to the Parliament (only 13 abstentions). Law that article 1, paragraph 1, states: "The Republic recognizes February 10 as the "Day of remembrance" to preserve and renew the memory of the tragedy of the italians and all the victims of the sinkholes, the exodus from their lands of istriani, fiumani and dalmatian in the second post-war period and of the more complex story of the eastern border." Our middle school, from years, on the recommendation of the Ministry of Public Education, invites the teachers of the history of the third to commemorate the 10 of February this important event in the civic, with a lesson appropriate. Unfortunately, around the celebration of the “Day of Remembrance”, there was and there is still much speculation about these historical events, some political forces, that in spite of the invitation of the Associations of Exiles from istria to commemorate with civilization these facts, seek the controversy, the provocation, the clash. It is an example of the event organized in Varese, in the evening of the 10th of February, where about a hundred people, dressed in black, some with their faces half-covered belonging to associations which are openly filonaziste, negazioniste and racist, marched militarily to some of the city streets with lighted torches, and drums. Or how the high school Will be, where, unknown, and night, they hung a huge banner reading “tito's men Murderers”, referring to the yugoslav partisans, without knowing that many Italian soldiers in the Balkans, especially after September 8, 1943, rather than surrender to the germans, they chose to fight with Tito's partisans. Forgetting that these tragic facts historical, full of hatred and violence, began after the First world War with the fascist dictatorship that was imposed in those territories laws liberticide and worsened during the nazi occupation and the fascist in the Second world war. In Luino there are several military alpine that they chose the partisan struggle with the “tito's men” as the alpine germignaghese Emilio Onion, which his story has been told in the good book of the president Emilio Rossi's “Journal of an alpine luino area from the front of the Balkan”, or as the alpine Livio Commission in his autobiographical book “An alpine who dared to rebel”. Remember that the Forcora, to the small church of the Madonna of the Snow, there is a plaque commemorating the soldiers from metal band of the Alpine Division of the Partisan Garibaldi in the Balkans. In the course of the Conference, dr. Moresi, the alpine Piero Rossi, and the mayor of Luino, have complained that these facts are little known by the population and by the students. I would like on this occasion to deny this “rumor”, and I quoting here what I wrote the current manual of the history of the classes a third, in use at our school which in my opinion clarifies very well this tragic story national. For the record, the book is called the “nodes of Time”, Lattes, Turin, 2014. Here is the text, on page 255: the tragedy of The foibe: the communist yugoslavian is revenge of the fascists. Istria became Italian after the First World War. During the fascism, in this region, the repression was extremely harsh: the regime, in fact, wanted at all costs, “italianizzarla”; it was forbidden to speak slovenian or Croatian, and newspapers written in these languages were closed and even the last names were “translated” in Italian language. Many were the victims of fascism. But after 8 September, with the Italian army in disarray and in the climate of extreme confusion, the communist partisans yugoslav fell against the fascist hierarchy, local, and against those who were deemed to be complicit with the regime; they were killed and their bodies thrown into the sinkholes, karst cavities are very common in the area. With time, they found, however, death even many non-fascists, which are deemed equally guilty just because Italian. Istria goes to Yugoslavia. Another wave of violence was the war was ended, when, in the passage to Yugoslavia Istria and the River, about 350,000 Italians who lived in those regions left their homes and took refuge in Italy, starting with the hard and sad lives of the refugees. Many others, however, are deemed, often erroneously, supporters of the fascist regime, were killed by the partisans of Tito, and their bodies thrown into the foibe. Among the victims there were also many anti-fascists and members of the CLN: the yugoslavian partisans were afraid that they would oppose the annexation of Venezia Giulia to Yugoslavia. The number of victims was never ascertained: some historians believe to have been the 5,000; others come to assume over 10,000 victims. I would like to conclude this communication, reporting the statement of the senator from luino area Piero Pellicini, one of the drafters of the law on the “Remembrance Day”, the father of the current mayor of Luino, lawyer Andrea Pellicini, reported days ago in an article in “The Boot Thinking”. “If we recognize our history, perhaps we will be able to make a contribution so that our Country will lure more aware, with better hopes in the future”. The words to which I subscribe fully.

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