In 2016 in Italy were born 100 thousand children less than in 2008, the crisis affects
(AP) In 2008 births were about 576mila, while in 2016 just 474mila. The average number of children per woman has dropped from 1,46 in 2010 to 1.35 in 2015 (source: Istat). Of the crisis of the birth rate and the safety of the birth path you spoke to the Congress of the Italian Society of pediatrics (Sip) in the course to Naples, in the framework of the round table “being Born today in Italy.” In 2016 in Italy were born 100 thousand children less than in 2008, the crisis affects. “The decrease in the birth rate is determined by many factors, but the economic considerations relating to the increase of poverty and youth unemployment have undoubtedly an important role,” explains Mario De Curtis, professor of Pediatrics, Sapienza university of Rome and director of the Uoc Neonatology and neonatal intensive care unit of the Policlinico Umberto I. “We have observed a reduction of 8% of the total fertility rate, the fertility rate general calculated on women of childbearing age, from 2011 to 2015. In the same period the unemployment rate increased from 7% to 13%,” adds Carla Guerriero, of the Centre for studies in economics and finance (Csef) of the university Federico II of Naples, author of a report with Annalisa Scognamiglio, always of the Csef. It confirms the increasing age of women at childbirth: today, more than a third have their first child at an average age of 35 years and more than 8% at 40 or over. “We must ask ourselves: to ask ourselves, for example, if it is sufficiently well known, among the population, that the woman reaches peak fertility between the ages of 18 and 28 years of age and after 35 years, the reproductive capacity declines irretrievably,” said the president of Sip, Alberto Villani. “We must ask ourselves whether we have invested enough in campaigns for a maternity conscious in which it is clearly said that there is an age in which the woman is fertile. In addition to this, he also needed practical assistance to women so that they can feel safe, secure and happy to become mothers, it's mainly a cultural change that values motherhood in our society: those who have children should not feel penalized in life and work”. In Italy – indicate the data – the infant mortality rates are among the lowest in the world, but “the advanced age of women at childbirth, associated with the increase in the use of reproduction techniques assisted reproductive technology, " explains De Curtis – has led to an increase of multiple pregnancies and preterm births (before 37 weeks of gestation) that often may be associated with complications. An item of particular concern is represented by the fact that in southern regions the infant mortality rate continues to be 30% higher than in the centre and north. Equally, the mortality rate of foreign children in the first year of life is higher (4.3 per thousand) than that of Italian children (2.9 per thousand). It is extremely important to improve the organization and the perinatal care in the southern regions of our Country and to give greater attention to the care of immigrant women in pregnancy”. Added to this is the persistence of a small maternity just to be safe. 7 years by the State-Regions Agreement that provided for the gradual rationalization and reduction of small dots birth, are still 118 small maternity open on the national territory. Correspond to 24% of the total (national Plan Outcomes 2016). “These are 80 and those below 500 parts per year,” says Serena Battilomo, of the Directorate-general for health Prevention of the ministry of Health.
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