Administrative justice, bad Italy: in the european Union, ahead of only Cyprus

Published on Apr 10, 2017

Go to a country, administrative justice that you find. If not only in Sweden but also in Hungary, Estonia, Bulgaria, Slovenia and Poland, it takes about 100 days on average to resolve an administrative proceeding (i.e., which see opposites citizens to local authorities, regional or national) in the first instance, in Italy it takes ten times as much, 1000 days, ie almost three years, against three months from the Countries listed. And’ one of the data that emerge from the V edition of the Justice Scoreboard of the European Commission, which measures the efficiency of justice in the member Countries of the Eu. Administrative justice, bad Italy: in the european Union, ahead of only Cyprus. Only Cyprus has an administrative justice slower than that of the Beautiful Country, with about 1,400 days to close a proceedings in the first instance; Portugal is aligned to Italy (a thousand days), followed by Greece (about 900) and Malta (500). Between 100 and 500 days, the Netherlands, Romania, Luxembourg, Lithuania, Finland, France, Spain, Germany, Slovakia, Croatia, the Czech Republic and Belgium. There are no data for Denmark, Ireland, Austria (where administrative justice is not separated from the civil one), and the United Kingdom. In the Czech Republic and Slovakia the pending cases include all the degrees of judgment. Italy remains the snail of the European Union for the length of the civil and commercial cases. On average, according to the fifth ‘Justice Scoreboard’, in our Country there is still over 500 days on average to close a case in the first instance (since 2015). In the European Union, only Cyprus can be worse, with more than 600 days, but the last data available for the island dates back to 2013. The situation in Italy has improved compared to 2013, 'annus horribilis', when it took over 600 days to arrive at the conclusion of a civil case in first instance, but the standard of the other Countries of Western Europe, and not only that, they are still light years away: in Luxembourg, Belgium and Lithuania to close a civil case in first instance takes less than 100 days, about three months. In the other 10 Countries (the Netherlands, Austria, Estonia, Sweden, Romania, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Denmark, Germany, Poland), serving from 100 to 200 days. In Latvia and Slovenia takes 200 to 300 days, while in Portugal, Spain, Finland, France, Greece, Croatia and Slovakia are from 300 to 400. Following Malta, where the situation is much improved (in 2010, they served over 800 days to conclude in the first instance), but they still serve about 440 days to arrive in court. Follow, at the top of the ranking, Italy and Cyprus. No data are available for Bulgaria, Ireland and the United Kingdom. This is not a problem related to a lack of funds. At the root of the poor performance of the Italian civil justice, at least according to the data of the ‘Justice Scoreboard’, there seems to be a problem of allocation of economic resources: Italy spends about 90 euros per inhabitant for the courts, more or less the size of Belgium (where a civil case ends in the first degree after three months, on average) and Slovenia, although less than Germany (150 euro per inhabitant), finishing in mid-table. Even to-Gdp ratio, Italy looks good: spends the courts, just over 0.3% of Gdp, more or less as Romania, Spain, Slovakia and the Czech Republic and most of Austria, and the Netherlands, where the civil justice system, however, is much more efficient. Where, instead, the Country is square in the last places in Europe in number of judges: they are a little more than 10 of each 100 thousand inhabitants, about the same as in France and Spain, but many less than in Germany (about 23; the report does not show data points, but only bar charts). However, Italian prosecutors work: the ‘clearance rate’, that is, the rate of resolution of civil and commercial cases is among the highest in Europe at 120%, which means that the judges not only resolve all of the cases incoming, but also a part of the backlog; only the justice of slovakia has a higher rate. Italian magistrates are few, work so hard and do not have an obligatory in-service training: the only training required is the initial one. In the Netherlands, the pink jersey of the Eu in this field, it is compulsory general training, during the service, one for specific judicial functions, another for the management of the courts, and still another to learn how to use the new technologies. By contrast, Italy stands out in the Eu by number of lawyers, only exceeded by Luxembourg, which, however, is a special case: in the Peninsula are approximately 390 each 100 thousand inhabitants. In France they are less than 100, in Germany about 200, in Spain, about 310 each 100 thousand inhabitants. (ADNKRONOS)

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