The emergency Covid-19 has laid bare the weak points of a Country that has yet to make important steps to acquire the information and create the conditions for the nimble work (remember our 10 tips to deal with it better) and teaching at a distance – needed more than ever during the lockdown – are fulfilled.
The report of the ISTAT relative to bienno 2018-2019 photographer Italy, still struggling with the process of computerization of the population and highlights the barriers that make it difficult to work and follow the lessons within the walls of the home.
A third of Italian households are not in the house nor a computer, nor a tablet , and the data worsens, passing a 4 out of 10, if you take into consideration the families of the south.
If it narrows the scope to families in which there is at least a minor, it should be much better: more than 85% of these households own at least one computer/tablet, but it’s still not enough to envisage scenarios in which each family member can devote to the activities of smart working, or to follow the online lessons in the best condition. More than half of children (age 6-17 years) share these devices with other members of the family.
The Internet access is not, therefore, guarantees the possibility to follow distance-learning courses because they lack computer and PC enough compared to the number of members of the family. Added to this are problems related to the digital competences and to the overcrowding of the houses. Only three guys out of ten have digital skills high and 27.8 percent of the population lives in overcrowded conditions housing* – a percentage that increases even further (41,9%) if we consider the minors.
In summary: few means, digital competencies is not so prevalent among the young, housing overcrowded, that you can not replace so easily in a classroom lesson or an office, row against the Italian company “scanned” to which the pandemic, and the consequent distancing of the social are forcing a point.
- 33% of the households did not have a computer or tablet in the house, 47.2% have one, 18.6% have two or more. The rate rises to 70.6% between the families only the elderly (over 65)
- 14.3% of households with at least one child in the house does not have a computer or a tablet in the house
- Only 22.2 percent of families in each component has the use of a PC or a tablet
- 57% of boys between 6 and 17 years share the computer/tablet with other family members, 12.3% (850.000) does not have a computer, and only 6.1% lived in households in which every member has the use of a PC or a tablet
- In the regions of southern italy:
- 41.6% of households without a computer in the house – on average, in the Italian areas the percentage is around 30%
- only 14.1% of families have at least one computer for every component
- nearly 1/5 of the children between 6 and 17 years old (about 470.000) does not have a computer/tablet
- In 2019 2/3 of the adolescents between 14 and 17 years old who have used internet in the last 3 months has competent digital basic or low-level; about 1/3 has high level skills
- In the age group between 6 and 17 years of age, 52,1% had read at least one book in their leisure time. Reading affects more than 60% of children and young people of 6-17 to the North and approximately 39.4 percent of those in the South
- 27.8% of the population lives in conditions of overcrowding, living*; the figure rises to 41.9% the case of minors
* Note: according to the data of the ISTAT is the condition that occurs when a home does not have a minimum number of room equal to: one room for the family, one for each pair, one for each component of 18 years and over, one for each of the two components of the same sex aged between 12 and 17 years, one on each of the two components up to 11 years of age, regardless of sex.